San Jose is the capital of the Republic of Costa Rica. It is the capital of the province of the same name. Located in the center of the country. San Jose is the political, economic and social most important Costa Rican territory, as well as the main node for transport and telecommunications. Culturally can be considered almost entirely with European influence.
San Jose was founded on December 7, 1848.
San Jose is still one of the safest cities and less violent than the Latin American region. In 2006 she was appointed Latin American Capital of Culture.
Geography of San Jose:
The territory now occupied by San Jose consists of flat land with small undulations fertile, surrounded by mountains, lies between the rivers Torres, Virilla, north, and Maria Aguilar. The city is located in the center of called Central Valley at an average altitude of 1,160 meters.
Temperatures are relatively benign, between 20 and 28 ° C, although the summer months are usually hot as easily reach 31 ° C and minimum temperatures can reach 10 ° C. The rainy season, like the rest of the country from May to November and accumulated rainfall during the year around 2,000 mm.
The city has a transportation infrastructure within the metropolitan area and between it and the rest of the country. In the road transport sector, the capital has a dense network of bus routes within its territory both urban as all Costa Rican provinces and the rest of Central American countries and Mexico.
For several years, the transport infrastructure of the city is in a continuous process of modernization.
The Instituto Costarricense de Ferrocarriles (INCOFER) has implemented since 2004 a metropolitan intercity transport.
Taxis and public transport system, complement the urban bus network. They are characterized by their red color and are part of cooperatives duly registered. By contrast the taxis to San Jose International Airport with are orange. Taxi drivers in the city apply an electronic charging system (Taximeters or "Mary").
The San Jose International Airport is the largest in the country. Located in the western part of the city, 20 miles of it, in the province of Alajuela. It has the largest network of direct flights from Central America to North America and a total of 37 international destinations, including cities throughout the Americas and Europe. Its passenger traffic was 4.4 million in 2010. It has now been expanded and modernized and plans to continue its expansion in the short term. It is the airline's main hub LACSA Rican member of TACA.
The second most important airport of the city, the Tobias Bolaños Palma International Airport (IATA: SYQ, ICAO: MRPV). It functions as the main airport for domestic flights and international flights have commercial Bocas del Toro, Panama and Managua, Nicaragua.